Springer Journals

Vendor Inflation

Product 2019 Increase 2020 Increase 2021 Increase
Springer 5%

Annual Exchange Rates

With the exception of Canadian publishers, HKN is invoiced exclusively in USD. To decrease the risk of fluctuating exchange risks to either party, HKN provides quotes in USD and then invoices in CAD based on the exchange rate that was used to pay the vendor invoice. These rates are provided to our subscribers when they are invoiced.

Product 2019/20 Exchange Rates 2020/21 Exchange Rates 2021/22 Exchange Rates
Individual Journals 1.34


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